Solutions

Get detailed explanations to advanced GMAT questions.



Question

Competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western farms gradually caused farmers in Pennsylvania to turn to livestock raising, but before that it was predominantly grain-producing.


 

Option A:

Competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western farms gradually caused farmers in Pennsylvania to turn to livestock raising, but before that it was predominantly grain- producing.

Option B:

Once predominantly a grain-producing state, competition in the mid-nineteenth century from large western farms gradually was causing Pennsylvania’s farmers to turn to livestock raising.

Option C:

Pennsylvania’s farmers were gradually caused to turn to livestock raising by competition from large western farms in the mid-nineteenth century, but before that it was predominantly a grain-producing state.

Option D:

It was once predominantly grain-producing, but competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western farms was gradually causing Pennsylvania’s farmers to turn to livestock raising.

Option E:

Pennsylvania was once a predominantly grain-producing state, but competition in the mid-nineteenth century from large western farms gradually caused the state’s farmers to turn to livestock raising

Difficulty Level

Hard

Solution

Option E is the correct answer


Option Analysis

Concept tested: Pronouns, Modifiers.

 

A) Inappropriate usage of the pronoun “it”. We do not know what “it” is referring to.

B) Wrong modifier. The modifier “Once….state” modifies competition.

C) Same as A.

D) Same as A. In this option “It” seems to refer to competition.

E) Correct Answer


Pin It on Pinterest